If you own a property, you will likely undergo renovations at some point. Homes are key parts of our lives, which explains why researchers at Unison found 90% of American homeowners intend to remodel their homes, with 45% wanting to undertake projects within the year.
But before jumping into a construction project, you need a detailed outline of your property. With site planning from experienced land surveyors, you can have the rendering you need to begin positively. These blueprints ensure a safe construction process that follows local regulations.
What Is a Site Plan?
Site plans, also known as plot plans, are readable maps covering a building site. They are detailed diagrams that outline and locate property structures.
Think of your site plan as a clear overview of your parcel of land. It should cover all structural improvements on the property, including:
- Landscape features (such as trees and gardens)
- Setbacks and boundary lines
- Power lines
- Utility poles
The Purpose of Site Mapping
County governments and local authorities frequently require site plan drawings when adding new structures to an existing property. The layout allows officials to confirm new construction adheres to local codes and zoning regulations. A local official reviews site plans to ensure your site development projects:
- Are compatible with local services and utilities (such as schools, sewers, and roads)
- Fall within existing authoritative regulations
- Comply with local and state zoning ordinances
- Do not involve improper land use
In addition, builders, civil engineers, and architects use site designs to guide construction projects. Real estate agents also use site maps as sales assets. The blueprints illustrate an estate’s size, scale, and orientation to interested buyers.
What Does Site Planning Include?
A plot plan includes all current and proposed features on a parcel of land. While the diagrams are primarily used by construction teams, they also provide critical information to governing jurisdictions. Every site plan should contain:
- Property lines: Outline the lot’s exterior to determine when one property ends and the next begins.
- Construction limitations: Demonstrate where construction will take place and areas needed for vehicle parking and equipment storing.
- Existing conditions: Illustrate all current property features (like fences and driveways).
- Proposed structures: Determine where new features will be built.
- Surrounding streets: Illustrate how the property interacts with nearby public streets and avenues.
- Parking areas: Display parking spaces, turn-around areas, and traffic flow.
- Setbacks: Define the dimensions between the property line and surrounding buildings.
- Fire hydrants: Show that new structures are adequately spaced from municipal fire hydrants.
- Landscaping and topography: Indicate retaining walls, type of terrain, and all landscape features.
- Easements: Display shared features (pathways, utility lines, etc.) and how they interact with the proposed construction.
Floor Plan vs. Plot Plan
Site blueprints are architectural diagrams that detail a plot of land and its proposed improvements. They include details like the building footprint, parking, water lines, and landscaping elements.
On the other hand, floor plans display the relationships between rooms, spaces, and other physical features at one level of the building. To picture a floor plan, imagine removing your roof and looking down at your home from a bird’s eye view.
Simply put: site mapping outlines a plot of land, while floor plans depict what is going on inside a building. While sitemaps cover exterior structures and boundaries, floor plans display room sizes, wall lengths, and interior fixtures like sinks, toilets, and water heaters.
When Do I Need a Plot Plan?
Site plans are a typical requirement when applying for a building permit to extend your home, build an addition, demolish a structure, or install permanent property features. Your contractor or engineer will know if your development permit requires a site layout.
While a plot plan may not always be required, the designs outline a plot of land to create an uncomplicated renovation. We recommend developing a plot plan if you are:
- Adding outdoor structures to your landscape
- Designing a new roofline
- Removing or remodeling a swimming pool
- Demolishing trees (a site plan ensures the trees are not protected or part of your neighbor’s property)
- Unsure of property boundaries
In addition to guiding building development, a site map prevents new construction from encroaching on neighboring properties. Encroachment occurs when structures cross property lines to intrude on land that you do not own. It can lead to civil lawsuits, hefty fines, and conflicts with neighbors.
Can I Draw My Own Site Plan?
There’s a reason land surveyors exist, and it’s to make your life easier. When developing accurate and detailed blueprints, you need a qualified professional. A professional land surveyor will develop a detailed and easy-to-read design that includes all the necessary information.
During the process, surveyors often discover new ways to add value to a property and make construction more efficient. Most importantly, licensed land surveyors avoid design errors. Their experience makes them adept at finding and solving development problems, which can save you money in the long run.
Site Planning Done Right: Contact Us Now
If you need site plans for your New York property, Scalice Land Surveying is the team to call. Our experienced technicians use advanced equipment to deliver error-free architectural site mapping for commercial and residential property owners.
With over 20 years of experience, we are happy to walk you through our land surveying process. Contact us now to learn more about our site planning services and what we can do for you.