Are you considering dividing a large chunk of land into smaller, individual lots? If so, you will need a professional land surveyor to perform subdivision surveying before you move forward with your plans. Land surveyors produce detailed subdivision maps for property owners.
Our skilled technicians are familiar with local laws, building codes, and regulations to produce accurate lot descriptions and reports. We comply with subdivision ordinances that give standards for designating residential lots, roads, parklands, utility easements, and drainage.
What Is a Subdivision Survey?
Subdivision surveys (also known as subdivision platting) split a tract of land into smaller pieces. These types of property surveys are needed when landowners decide to divide a parcel of land into two or more lots.
The level of detail included in a subdivision survey depends on the governing jurisdiction where the property is located. Newly formed lots must meet a variety of specifications, which include:
- Zoning regulations
- Setback requirements
- Road frontage restraints
- Square footage requirements
If a divided plot does not meet all conditions outlined by the zoning district, the plan will be rejected. However, if the property adheres to all necessary conditions, the new lot will acquire a separate title.
What Is Included in a Subdivision Survey?
Subdivision platting outlines the exterior boundaries of a land parcel before it is divided. Subdivision surveys are followed by a topographic survey, subdivision design, and layout of the tract’s interior.
A subdivision survey demonstrates how the parcel will separate into individual lots. The subdivision design and layout must include key considerations, such as:
- Utility layouts
- Drainage plans (especially for properties in flood zones)
- Street layouts
- Property dimensions
- Building lines
The plan should also outline how future structural improvements will be constructed at later stages. Subdivision surveys for large, multi-lot parcels may require more extensive planning, layout drafting, perimeter scoping, and construction staking.
What Is the Difference Between a Plat and a Survey?
Plats and surveys are both land depictions that show a property’s dimensions, location, abutting streets, district, and more. Plats and land surveys can both be performed on small or large tracts of land.
However, surveys are more detailed than plat maps. They show a property’s dwellings, buildings, and structural improvements (like driveways, sheds, pools, and fences).
Plats typically cover more than one plot of land and are kept by city or county officials as public records. Surveys, on the other hand, focus on specific properties and are used by individual property owners.
Metes and Bounds vs. Lot and Block
“Metes and bounds” and “lot and block” are legal descriptions used to explain different property types. Metes and bounds measure the circumference of the property outlined in the legal description through bearings and distances. Lot and block identify each individual lot on a newly divided property.
Metes and Bounds
Metes is a piece of the property’s boundary line found by measuring the distance between two points. Bounds describe the land’s boundary line. Surveyors and legal advisors use bounds to define properties with expansive acreage.
Metes and bounds survey systems use physical geographical features, directions, and distances to describe a property’s boundary lines. The method typically describes a property in terms of north and south.
Land surveyors use metes and bounds methodologies when surveying land with hard-to-define boundaries. This commonly includes parcels that are:
- Irregularly shaped or sized
- In rural areas
Lot and Block
Lot and block surveys are most common when developing subdivisions in populated metropolitan and suburban regions. They typically outline the block and lot locations, place of official recording, and cited plat map references.
A surveyor creates a plat map detailing how the large parcel of land will divide into separate lots. Each subdivided lot receives a numerical or alphabetical block or lot identifier. Each group of adjacent lots receives a block number. The completed plat map is considered a public record and gets filed with the property’s local court.
Do You Need a Subdivision Survey From an Expert?
Our team subdivision surveys to landowners throughout New York. Our experienced technicians use high-quality surveying equipment and diligent research practices to produce comprehensive subdivision maps and reports.
Contact Scalice Land Surveying to learn more about our subdivision surveying methods. One of our representatives will be happy to walk you through our process and provide a free estimate for your upcoming project. Get started now.